This report analyzes water availability across all potentially commercial shale resources worldwide.
It also reveals that water availability could limit shale resource development on every continent except Antarctica.
U.S. policymakers at the federal, regional and state level are discussing market-based policies
to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Below are answers to
commonly asked questions about the scope of such legislation and the costs and benefits for...
This report introduces readers to the forests of the southern United States. It provides data, maps, and other forms of information about southern forests, their condition, and trends.
This working paper describes the rationale for nutrient trading in the Chesapeake Bay region and estimates the economic benefits, including potential benefits to the agriculture, wastewater, and stormwater sectors.
This working paper explores the main issues associated with the measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) of finance in the post-2012 climate regime.
This working paper analyzes developed country experience to date in relation to implementation of the LULUCF (land use, land use change and forestry) provisions of the Kyoto Protocol.
This working paper examines efforts made by China---the world’s largest gross emitter of greenhouse gases---to create an enabling environment for R&D and innovation in the field of clean technology.
This working paper maps out the structure and value chains of the wind power industry, analyzes its increasing globalization via cross-border trade and investment flows, and formulates recommendations for policymakers for the design of investment and trade policies to help realize wind energy...
This paper analyzes relevant measures in emerging U.S. domestic climate policies, describes the objectives of these measures, assesses how they might be imposed, and discusses their implications for both a future climate agreement and the international trading system.
This working paper documents a study of the Cameroonian forest taxation system, examining the distribution practices of the government.
This Forest Note summarizes findings from case studies of
three rural councils in Cameroon regarding implementation of the government's annual forestry fee revenue-sharing system from 2000-2002....
This working paper summarizes the feedback and conclusions from a series of workshops for local and indigenous communities in Cameroon and the DRC held in 2008 and 2009, discussing REDD design and implementation.
This matrix helps policymakers compare the National Climate Change plans of five developing countries: India, Brazil, China, Mexico and South Africa.
As UNFCCC negotiators work to develop
shared expectations around adaptation
planning, it is critical that they
provide a high degree of flexibility to
countries, so that planning processes
can be domestically “owned” and plans
effectively implemented. The...
This report identifies entry points for mainstreaming ecosystem services in Multilateral Development Banks' (MDBs’) core operations and describes a portfolio of tools to help. It also presents a range of policy options that MDBs can help country partners implement to sustain critical...
A Copenhagen agreement on climate change will likely take a legally binding form, but one that provides for a range of commitments by countries. This Working Paper clarifies a complex set of issues around the legal character of commitments and weighs the potential risks and benefits to...
This paper identifies the key elements needed to
ensure enhanced action on technology transfer and
development and then evaluates the approaches
taken in major country positions.
This Forest Note puts forward a systematic approach to analyzing the Indonesian forestry sector in order to identify which forest laws and regulations are being disobeyed and where.