This report analyzes water availability across all potentially commercial shale resources worldwide.
It also reveals that water availability could limit shale resource development on every continent except Antarctica.
This paper identifies the key elements needed to
ensure enhanced action on technology transfer and
development and then evaluates the approaches
taken in major country positions.
This Forest Note puts forward a systematic approach to analyzing the Indonesian forestry sector in order to identify which forest laws and regulations are being disobeyed and where.
Cap-and-trade programs are designed to increase the economic efficiency of emissions reductions and lower costs beyond command-and-control approaches alone. Cap-and-trade programs often incorporate features that add flexibility and/or increase price certainty to help address cost
This issue brief evaluates five approaches to account for state-achieved reductions
and address the state-to-state “leakage” problem under
a federal cap-and-trade program.
This report discusses the successes and challenges to effective regulation in China. It also addresses U.S. competitiveness concerns in relation to the introduction of U.S. cap-and-trade policies, and specific opportunities for enhanced climate change cooperation between the two countries.
This report presents maps and analyses designed to inform the policies surrounding poverty reduction efforts in Uganda and to help reach the 2015 national targets on safe drinking water and improved sanitation.
In December 2009, diplomats from around the world will convene in Copenhagen, Denmark to decide on a new international agreement on climate change. The following questions and answers address the agreements and structures that form the basis of the Copenhagen climate change negotiations.
This policy note provides an overview of the range of actions, policies, and institutions around the globe that address nutrient pollution and eutrophication.
This paper compiles and assesses current ecosystems services indicators in order to inform and advance such efforts.
*On the Frontiers of Finance* provides an overview of the current landscape, lending practices, and principal challenges of financial intermediaries providing capital to sustainable SMEs in developing countries. The objective of this study is to help stimulate greater and more effective...
This report takes a first step in helping financial institutions create more robust GHG inventories, by discussing objectives, options, and challenges for financial institutions and stakeholders to consider when creating and evaluating a GHG emissions inventory.
When implemented properly, an early action
component of a cap-and-trade program can reward
early actors while preserving or enhancing the
environmental outcomes of the cap-and-trade
program. If designed and implemented poorly,
however, early action credits can infl...
If reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) is to work effectively, developing countries will need support to build the capacities required for enforcing their own laws and regulations. At present, timber production that violates the developing country’s own laws both...
Three regional greenhouse gas cap-and-trade programs are either in the planning stages or operational in North America. This brief discusses each of the programs.
World Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 2005 is a comprehensive view of global, anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The chart in this working paper is an updated version of the original chart, which appeared in Navigating the Numbers: Greenhouse Gas Data and International Climate Policy (WRI...
This policy note provides a snapshot of the sources of nutrient pollution and the corresponding socioeconomic drivers that are increasing nutrient levels in our waterways.
This report focuses on corporate transparency on environmental risks, and lays the groundwork for understanding environmental disclosure and reporting issues in emerging markets through an investor lens. It is the second report in a series establishing the link between issues like climate change...
This report is the first in a series establishing the link between issues like climate change, air pollution, water supply, and natural resource depletion and traditional financial analysis on corporate value and financial strength for companies in six key Asian economies – India, Indonesia,...