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Strengthening Governance of India's Appliance Efficiency Standards and Labeling Program

This issue brief examines how improved governance can help make India’s appliance efficiency standards and labelling program more successful. We focus particularly on standard setting, program implementation, and monitoring and verification through the lens of transparency, accountability, participation, and capacity.

Key Findings

Executive Summary

Demand for electricity is increasing rapidly in India due to economic growth and urbanization. The growing residential sector offers the opportunity to achieve significant energy efficiency gains, which will be critical given India’s widening demand-supply gap. One such initiative that has been introduced by the central government to mitigate energy demand growth in the residential sector is a standards and labeling (S&L) program, managed by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency. However, although the S&L program has been in operation since 2006, its potential to reduce electricity demand has not been fully realized; awareness and use of more efficient appliances remain low, and efficient appliances are reportedly unavailable in parts of the country.

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