This report analyzes water availability across all potentially commercial shale resources worldwide.
It also reveals that water availability could limit shale resource development on every continent except Antarctica.
This working paper series summarizes key innovations and challenges of the Clean Technology Fund. It analyzes the investment plans that the Fund has endorsed to date, and makes the case for greater emphasis on institutional capacity and governance in program design.
This working paper explores the value of temporary carbon storage, as well as the implications of those temporary storage values for several critical policy design questions relating to greenhouse gas accounting and biological offsets.
This report presents an analysis of potential GHG emissions reductions under existing U.S. federal authorities and announced state actions through 2030.
This analysis provides an assessment of reductions in net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions relative to total U.S. emissions that could be achieved by pollution reduction proposals currently under consideration in the 111th Congress. A full description of the methods and assumptions behind this...
This study examines the impacts of increased commercial switchgrass production on U.S. agricultural land-use patterns, commodity prices, and the environmental impacts of cropping systems in the agricultural sector.
U.S. policymakers at the federal, regional and state level are discussing market-based policies
to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Below are answers to
commonly asked questions about the scope of such legislation and the costs and benefits for...
This working paper explores the main issues associated with the measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) of finance in the post-2012 climate regime.
This working paper examines efforts made by China---the world’s largest gross emitter of greenhouse gases---to create an enabling environment for R&D and innovation in the field of clean technology.
This paper analyzes relevant measures in emerging U.S. domestic climate policies, describes the objectives of these measures, assesses how they might be imposed, and discusses their implications for both a future climate agreement and the international trading system.
This working paper summarizes the feedback and conclusions from a series of workshops for local and indigenous communities in Cameroon and the DRC held in 2008 and 2009, discussing REDD design and implementation.
This matrix helps policymakers compare the National Climate Change plans of five developing countries: India, Brazil, China, Mexico and South Africa.
As UNFCCC negotiators work to develop
shared expectations around adaptation
planning, it is critical that they
provide a high degree of flexibility to
countries, so that planning processes
can be domestically “owned” and plans
effectively implemented. The...
A Copenhagen agreement on climate change will likely take a legally binding form, but one that provides for a range of commitments by countries. This Working Paper clarifies a complex set of issues around the legal character of commitments and weighs the potential risks and benefits to...
This paper identifies the key elements needed to
ensure enhanced action on technology transfer and
development and then evaluates the approaches
taken in major country positions.
Cap-and-trade programs are designed to increase the economic efficiency of emissions reductions and lower costs beyond command-and-control approaches alone. Cap-and-trade programs often incorporate features that add flexibility and/or increase price certainty to help address cost
This issue brief evaluates five approaches to account for state-achieved reductions
and address the state-to-state “leakage” problem under
a federal cap-and-trade program.
This report discusses the successes and challenges to effective regulation in China. It also addresses U.S. competitiveness concerns in relation to the introduction of U.S. cap-and-trade policies, and specific opportunities for enhanced climate change cooperation between the two countries.
In December 2009, diplomats from around the world will convene in Copenhagen, Denmark to decide on a new international agreement on climate change. The following questions and answers address the agreements and structures that form the basis of the Copenhagen climate change negotiations.