Examines why the role of forests and land-use change under the Kyoto Protocol remains controversial. Notes that climate change is a major threat to biodiversity and that protecting biological diversity may help mitigate other impacts of climate change.
Over the past 150 years, deforestation has contributed an estimated 30 percent of the atmospheric build-up of CO2. It is also a significant driving force behind the loss of genes, species, and critical ecosystem services. However, in the international policy arena, biodiversity loss and climate change have often moved in wholly unconnected domains.
While the 1997 Kyoto Protocol is a key towards the mitigation of climate change, it leaves many questions unanswered, including the role of forests and land-use change in meeting obligations to slow global warming.
Climate, biodiversity, and forests: Issues and opportunities emerging from the Kyoto Protocol examines why, with so much at stake, the role of forests and land-use change under the Kyoto Protocol remains controversial.
The report focuses on the need for strong international commitments and concerted action, and encourages the following actions: