Enhancing the transparency of countries’ pledges to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Open Book is a WRI initiative to enhance transparency of the INDCs. Through consultation with government representatives, WRI has developed a list of information for countries to provide when communicating their INDCs in 2015.
As part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), countries around the world are preparing pledges to reduce their emissions. These pledges, known as intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), are a key component of the global climate agreement to be established in December of 2015.
Clarity and transparency are critical for understanding whether the INDCs are collectively ambitious enough to limit global temperature rise to 2°C, an internationally agreed-upon target, as well as to foster accountability, trust, and understanding amongst countries.
The list of information for INDCs elaborates on the Lima Call for Climate Action to provide further detail and clarification on each element of information agreed by the COP for Parties that wish to provide additional transparency when submitting their INDCs.
The list is informed by two international GHG accounting and reporting standards developed by the Greenhouse Gas Protocol: the Mitigation Goal Standard and Policy and Action Standard. The list was developed through a consultative process with the participation of several countries.