Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of adaptation initiatives is critically important for judging their effectiveness and making decisions on which efforts to scale up as climate impacts intensify. Industrialized countries and donor agencies channeling billions of dollars into adaptation finance, including under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), will require such systems as an important dimension to the adaptation initiatives they support. However, M&E for adaptation is especially challenging due to the complexity and uncertainty associated with climate change.
Being ready to learn has never been more important. Adaptation plans and programs must build the learning process into their very structure to allow for feedback to reach planners and decision makers, so that assumptions and hypotheses can be continuously tested and revised. Monitoring then becomes an integral part of the adaptation process, and evaluation serves both learning and accountability purposes.
WRI’s work in this area aims to provide adaptation and development practitioners with practical solutions for tracking the success and failure of adaptation initiatives in the development context.