The rainforests of Africa’s Congo Basin are the world’s second largest, and are increasingly one of the most threatened. Agriculture, mining, logging, and climate change are already chipping away and thinning out the forests’ edge and interior. The Congo Basin forests’ biggest threat, however, is unseen: a lack of good information. With poor infrastructure, government capacity challenges, and hard-to-detect patterns of change, the forests of the Congo Basin are among the most difficult in the world to monitor and manage.
Today, in Jakarta, WRI, DigitalGlobe, the Indonesian government, Google, Esri, and a host of other partners launched Global Forest Watch Fires, an online platform for monitoring and responding to forest and land fires in Southeast Asia.
It features near real-time satellite images from DigitalGlobe, fire alerts from NASA, a text messaging alert system, mapping of burn scars from Google Earth Engine, wind direction and air quality data, land-use and concession maps, and much more.
According to data from Global Forest Watch, an online mapping platform that tracks tree cover loss and gain in near-real time, industrial development and forest fires in Canada’s tar sands region has cleared or degraded 775,500 hectares (almost two million acres) of boreal forest since the year 2000. That’s an area more than six times the size of New York City. If the tar sands extraction boom continues, as many predict, we can expect forest loss to increase.
New analysis published in Nature Climate Change shows that Indonesia is losing primary forest at a staggering rate. The country now has the highest rate of loss in tropical primary forests in the world, overtaking Brazil. Primary tropical forests are the most carbon- and biodiversity-rich type of forest ecosystem.
Penduduk Indonesia dan Singapura beberapa minggu belakangan mulai bersiap-siap sehubungan dengan peringatan WRI dan beberapa institusi lain bahwa musim kemarau tahun ini terindikasi akan menyebabkan lonjakan api di Pulau Sumatera, ditemani dengan kabut asap beracun di sekitar kawasan.
Indonesia and Singapore have been bracing themselves in recent weeks as warnings that this year's dry season would likely herald a severe spike in forest fires in Sumatra, with toxic haze across the region.
Peristiwa kebakaran hutan dan lahan gambut yang baru-baru ini terjadi di Indonesia meninggalkan jejak kerusakan yang sangat dahsyat. Kebakaran hutan, yang mencapai puncak pada bulan Maret serupa dengan krisis kabut asap Juni 2013, menghasilkan kabut asap berbahaya dalam jumlah yang sangat besar. Hal ini mengakibatkan ditutupnya ratusan sekolah dan beberapa bandara lokal, serta mungkin telah mengakibatkan gangguan pernapasan kepada lebih dari 50.000 orang.
Global Forest Watch Commodities (GFW-Commodities) combines the RSPO’s maps of certified sustainable palm oil production sites with global forest data—information that can empower companies to manage their forests and supply chains more sustainably.
Stopping recurring fires and protecting Indonesia’s communities, businesses, and forests requires a proactive plan to prevent future fires, or at least greatly reduce their intensity.
As part of our ongoing Indonesia forest fires series, WRI’s researchers have used data from the Global Forest Watch platform along with preliminary on-the-ground research to analyze Indonesia’s forest fires and haze problem.