In 2009, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono issued a decree to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 26% by 2020, and up to 41% if developed countries provided finance or other support. Indonesia is one of the world’s greatest greenhouse gas emitters, with estimated greenhouse gas emissions of 2.05 gigatons in 2005.
Prior to the 2009 decree, the Indonesian President had expressed interest in reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. Since 2006, WRI has worked with domestic and international partners to support the achievement of this goal in a manner that also leads to improved equity and justice for local communities.
These activities have included:
- helping various institutions develop a monitoring system that would enable Indonesia to participate in Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+), an international initiative under the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to support tropical forest countries reducing their landscape emissions
- assisting decision makers, companies, and local actors to assess where development should take place in order to produce a smaller carbon footprint
- supporting domestic actors working to develop a national system to implement UNFCCC REDD+ safeguards, as agreed to in Cancun Conference of the Parties (COP)
- supporting civil society engaged in assessing and capturing the governance improvements that need to be included in Indonesia’s REDD+ strategy
- supporting partners working with local communities to monitor administrative and governance activities related to the development and implementation of REDD+ strategies