2015 featured some of the most significant climate milestones in human history. From record-high temperatures to atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide not seen in a million years or more to a landmark international agreement to limit global warming, no other year has seen such a stark contrast of climate indicators.
When leaders signed the original convention on climate change 23 years ago, the occasion had a tone of strong moral purpose and promise. In Paris next week, we have the opportunity to fulfill that promise.
After key negotiations in Bonn, we're in the homestretch to COP21, the pivotal global meeting in Paris in December where countries will agree on a new international climate agreement. Negotiators made significant progress at Bonn, but a strong COP21 outcome requires a much more vigorous pace.
Climate negotiations in Bonn this week are an essential prelude to the pivotal global meeting in Paris in December where countries will agree on a new international agreement to cope with a changing climate.
Negotiators from nearly 200 countries will convene in Paris in December with the aim of forging a legally-binding international climate agreement. The new pact will incorporate more ambitious national commitments to address climate change than ever before. But what is the proper yardstick for measuring success in Paris?
Sementara masih menghadapi asap tebal dari kebakaran hutan dalam beberapa minggu terakhir, Indonesia telah menyerahkan rancangan kebijakan iklim pasca-2020, yang dikenal sebagai Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), atau Kontribusi Nasional yang Dimaksudkan. Di dalam dokumen tersebut, negara penyumbang emisi gas rumah kaca terbesar kelima di dunia ini berkomitmen terhadap target tak bersyarat berupa 29 persen penurunan emisi pada tahun 2030 dibandingkan skenario business-as-usual, dan sebesar 41 persen dengan bantuan internasional. Dengan ini, Indonesia telah menetapkan untuk memperpanjang target mitigasi sukarela 2020 dan bergabung dengan lebih dari 70 negara lainnya yang telah mengumumkan INDC mereka.
While dealing with sooty clouds from massive forest fires in recent weeks, Indonesia submitted its post-2020 climate action plan, committing to an unconditional target of a 29 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, compared to a business-as-usual scenario.
Graphics based on data from WRI's CAIT Climate Data Explorer answer questions like: How have emissions changed over time? Which human activities contribute the most emissions? And who are the world's biggest emitters?
This week's climate talks in Bonn made important progress on the core structure of an international climate agreement, but time is short and countries will need to intensify their efforts to set the stage for success at COP21 in Paris in December.