WRI established its U.S. office in 1982. We work to improve water quality, increase awareness of local climate change impacts, and identify cost-effective emissions-reduction opportunities in the United States. Learn more about our work in the United States.
One of America’s great natural resources, the 64,000 square mile Chesapeake Bay,
is in a state of decline largely as a result of nutrient pollution from farms and
wastewater treatment plants. Too many nutrients in the water can lead to
explosive algae growth which in turn blocks out sunlight and absorbs oxygen.
Aquatic life dies out. More than 400 coastal waterways worldwide suffer from
adverse effects of nutrient over-enrichment, also known as eutrophication.
Three states with an impact on the Chesapeake Bay – West Virginia,
Pennsylvania, and Maryland – have been working with WRI to set up and launch
a state-based regional nutrient trading market. Farmers can now go online and
sell the nitrogen and phosphorous reduction credits they earn from better
conservation practices to municipalities and companies that must meet mandated
water pollution reduction requirements. It’s similar to the cap-and-trade approach
that has reduced acid rain.
The establishment of a robust water quality trading market in the Chesapeake
region will not only help reduce hard to manage nutrient pollution, but it will
serve as an example for other multi-state watersheds, such as the Mississippi River
Basin, as they seek cost-effective solutions for addressing eutrophication.
Germany’s energy transition (or “Energiewende”) is the most ambitious current effort to put a large industrial economy onto a sustainable energy path, recognizing the 21st century reality of a climate-constrained world. If the world’s fourth largest economy demonstrates that this shift is possible without undermining economic growth, it could be a major factor in enabling a global energy transition. And with climate change intensifying – 2012 was the 36th straight year of above-average global temperature, and 2011 and 2012 each produced more extreme weather events costing over one billion dollars each than any other year in recorded history – reducing greenhouse gas emissions is imperative for any future energy system. Thus, the Energiewende is critical to the ongoing fight against global warming.
When President Barack Obama announced the country’s first national climate strategy, many people wondered what it would mean across the nation. Yet, the strategy may carry even more significant implications overseas.
The plan restricts U.S. government funding for most international coal projects. This policy could significantly affect energy producers and public and private investors around the globe.
As impacts from climate change become more visible and costly, leaders across the nation are responding. In the wake of projections from the University of Maryland’s Center for Environmental Science showing that Maryland could face sea-level rise of more than six feet by the end of the century, Governor Martin O’Malley unveiled a state climate action plan this week. The initiative will reduce greenhouse gas emissions while also supporting job creation and economic growth.
Last month, Death Valley, California experienced the highest June temperature ever recorded (129 degrees F!). Fires have been blazing in the western United States, leading to catastrophic losses of life. We’re barely more than a month into summer in the Northern Hemisphere, and it has started off extreme.
Note: the Y-axis does not start at zero; residential, commercial, and industrial savings from the AEO 2013 High Demand Technology Scenario. Source: EIA, Annual Energy Review 2012; EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2013.
This report highlights the critical role of energy efficiency in improving the economic and environmental performance of Midwest pulp and paper mills. WRI’s analysis finds that less efficient facilities could realize significant annual energy cost savings, and decrease their greenhouse gas...
New energy efficiency legislation has been introduced by Senators Shaheen and Portman that could come before the U.S. Senate as early as this month. This bill, formally known as the Energy Savings and Industrial Competitiveness Act of 2013 (S. 761), provides goals, incentives, and support for energy efficiency efforts across the U.S. economy. Passage of this bill would be a positive step toward saving money through improved efficiency while helping reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The passage of the American Climate and Energy Security bill by the House
of Representatives in June 2009 represents the biggest step yet taken toward an
ambitious national climate policy. The bill sets forth a long-term roadmap to
shift the U.S. economy to a low carbon path.
John Larsen is a senior associate on WRI’s forty-person climate team. For three
years, he has analyzed the greenhouse gas emission reduction trajectories in
numerous proposals in the run-up to the bill.
“There’s a real appetite on Capitol Hill for WRI’s objective research and
analysis,” says Larsen. “Lawmakers turn to our climate experts to better
understand the bill’s impact on complex issues like U.S. competitiveness, trade,
and jobs.” Larsen’s own work helped inform the bill’s targets and timetables.
WRI, he believes, helped make the bill as strong as politically possible.
No bill would have been possible without buy-in from the business community.
As a co-founder of the U.S. Climate Action Partnership (USCAP), WRI helped
bring leading businesses and environmental organizations together to urge
significant and mandatory regulation of greenhouse gas emissions. USCAP
recommendations helped shape the bill’s provisions and were widely cited in
Congress as a basis for the legislation.
Alexander Perera leads WRI’s work in renewable energy. Looking back to the year
2000, he recounts how few companies were thinking about green power options
and how few utilities offered them. “Commercial and industrial use of renewable
energy in the U.S. totaled less than 250 megawatts – equal to just one quarter the
output of a large coal-fired power plant.”
Nine years later, a pioneering group of fifteen U.S. companies quadrupled this
output, reaching a collective goal of purchasing 1,000 megawatts of new, cost competitive
green power generated from renewable resources. In reaching this
landmark, the Green Power Market Development Group (GPMDG) has helped
catalyze a dramatic scale up of the domestic renewables industry.
WRI convened the Group and has worked with companies to explore workable
renewable energy technologies, financing strategies, and partnership arrangements.
It also helped the Group establish best practices for green power purchasing.
“Companies now obtain green power from a variety of sources,” says Perera,
“including solar and wind power, biomass, low-impact hydropower, and landfill gas.”
Core members of the GPMDG include Alcoa, Dow Chemical, DuPont, FedEx,
GM, Georgia-Pacific, Google, IBM, Interface, J&J, Michelin NA, Natureworks,
Pitney Bowes, Staples, and Starbucks.