Accelerating access to affordable, reliable, clean energy
Electricity planners often confront the energy access gap by increasing supply, without considering how consumers actually use and pay for electricity. Creating a lasting solution is actually far more complicated.
India has committed to to provide 24-7 power to all households by 2019. Unlike previous targets, this time around, there seems to be more excitement that the goals might indeed be achievable.
Enabling cities to integrate individual and community capacities into broader urban resilience assessments
WRI used its Greenhouse Gas Protocol tools to help a major city in China and businesses in India measure and manage greenhouse gas emissions. Chengdu – one of China’s most populous cities – and nine large companies in India set clear and ambitious targets to reduce emissions intensity, supporting the achievement of China and India’s national emission reduction goals.
Cities and businesses have a critical role to play if China and India are to meet their ambitious greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions targets. Megacity Chengdu, with an administrative area population of 14 million, is China’s fifth largest city and continues to grow rapidly. In India, the industrial and energy sectors account for three-quarters of emissions. Slowing the rise of, and ultimately reducing, these emissions requires tools to measure and manage them.
WRI has worked with Chengdu since 2011 through the Sustainable and Livable Cities Initiative. In 2014, Chengdu developed its first GHG inventory using WRI’s GHG Protocol tools. In 2016, WRI conducted an analysis suggesting that Chengdu’s emissions could peak by 2025 and helped the city develop a roadmap to achieve the target.
In India, WRI has worked since 2013 with The Energy and Resources Institute and the Confederation of Indian Industry to convene and support the India GHG Program (IGHGP), a voluntary industry-led partnership of over 50 large companies committed to measuring and managing their GHG emissions. The potential is large: members account for about 15 percent of India’s GHG emissions and include, for example, NTPC and Indian Railways, the nation’s largest electricity producer and consumer, respectively. Through IGHGP, members receive training on GHG Protocol tools and support on developing GHG inventories and cost-effective emission reduction strategies.
In June 2016, Chengdu announced it would peak its emissions by 2025, ahead of China’s national target of peaking carbon dioxide emissions around 2030. Chengdu’s commitment could avoid emissions equivalent to shutting down 20 U.S. coal-fired power plants by 2025 and demonstrates confidence that a low-carbon economy and economic growth can be pursued together. In India, nine IGHGP members, including the nation’s largest automobile, cement, and chemical companies, have committed to reduce GHG emissions intensity by at least 20 percent, most by 2020, and have agreed to work with their supply chains to measure and manage emissions.
WRI will continue to support cities and companies in contributing to national climate targets, offering input to Chengdu’s strategy for emission reductions after 2025 and expanding the India GHG Program.
Drawing on 15 years of global urban transport experience, WRI contributed independent research and capacity-building to inform stakeholders in India who shaped major new proposed vehicle legislation prioritizing safety. If passed into law, the India Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill 2016 could save a total of 300,000 lives by 2020, setting an example for road safety worldwide.
India’s Motor Vehicles Act of 1988 was created as the country was starting to undergo economic reforms that encouraged the use of motor vehicles. Provisions for safety and references to non-motorized vehicles and pedestrians are entirely absent. India now has just 2 percent of the world’s motorized vehicles but suffers 11 percent of global traffic fatalities. The government has recognized the need for systemic reform.
WRI has been part of the Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety – in coalition with the World Bank, the Global Road Safety Partnership, and the World Health Organization – which has worked for years to demonstrate the importance of safety for all road users through independent research. In India, WRI has focused road safety strategies on sustainable mobility, such as non-motorized and public transport.
When proposals to include road safety in India’s motor vehicle laws came up for public discussion in 2014, WRI used the opportunity to raise awareness about road safety and sustainable mobility, spreading the message through opinion pieces, workshops, and training for civil society groups and trucking and taxi associations. This helped to build a consensus that sustainable mobility can play an important role in improving road safety.
For the first time, the Motor Vehicles Act is poised to take into account all types of road users, including calling for a National Transport Policy with rules and guidelines for non-motorized traffic. The Union Cabinet of India has approved the amendment; if passed by Parliament, it could cut traffic fatalities by 50 percent per year, potentially saving a total of 300,000 lives by 2020.
India serves as an example for countries committed to the Brasilia Declaration on Road Safety of 2015, the Sustainable Development Goals, and the New Urban Agenda of Habitat III (the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development), all of which feature principles of safer mobility. WRI’s research and participation over the past 10 years in global efforts such as the Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety have contributed to this growing momentum. India’s progress is among the first of many important steps to come.
This working paper presents a joint effort by the World Resources Institute and the Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR), a WSD implementing and research organization based in Pune, India, to develop an adaptation monitoring and evaluation (M&E) or tracking system to track success of WSD...