In Latin America the BOP market is $509 billion and includes 360 million people, 70 percent of the population in the 21 countries surveyed.
Nine Caribbean sub-regions---Bahamian, Bermuda, Eastern Caribbean, Florida, Greater Antilles, Gulf of Mexico, Southern Caribbean, Southwestern Caribbean, and Western Caribbean.
When the four threats -- coastal development, sedimentation, marine-based pollution, and overfishing -- are integrated into the Reefs at Risk Threat Index, nearly two-thirds of the region's coral reef
Most reported observations of coral disease worldwide have been in the Caribbean.
Source: Global Coral Disease Database, United Nations Environment Programme -- World Conservation Monitoring Ce
Observations of coral bleaching in the Caribbean are widespread. Of the over 500 observations in recent decades, 24 were during the 1980s, over 350 during the 1990s, and over 100 since 2000.
Threats to coral reefs from overfishing were evaluated based on coastal population density adjusted by the shelf area (up to 30 m depth) within 30 km of the reef.
Threats to coral reefs from marine-based sources were evaluated based on distance to ports (stratified by size), intensity of cruise ship visitation, and distance to oil and gas infrastructure, proces
About 9 percent of the world's mapped reefs are found in this region, most of which are located along the Central American coast and off the Caribbean islands.
The economic benefits derived from coral reefs are vital to the economies of small island states in the Caribbean. Economic valuation of these benefits helps to guide the wise, sustainable use of these resources.
The relative stability of St. Lucia’s shoreline was evaluated using the coastal protection framework developed by IMA and WRI.