Observations of coral bleaching in the Caribbean are widespread. Of the over 500 observations in recent decades, 24 were during the 1980s, over 350 during the 1990s, and over 100 since 2000.
Threats to coral reefs from overfishing were evaluated based on coastal population density adjusted by the shelf area (up to 30 m depth) within 30 km of the reef.
Threats to coral reefs from marine-based sources were evaluated based on distance to ports (stratified by size), intensity of cruise ship visitation, and distance to oil and gas infrastructure, proces
About 9 percent of the world's mapped reefs are found in this region, most of which are located along the Central American coast and off the Caribbean islands.
The economic benefits derived from coral reefs are vital to the economies of small island states in the Caribbean. Economic valuation of these benefits helps to guide the wise, sustainable use of these resources.
The relative stability of St. Lucia’s shoreline was evaluated using the coastal protection framework developed by IMA and WRI.
The relative stability of Tobago’s shoreline was evaluated using the coastal protection framework developed by IMA and WRI.
Much of St. Lucia’s coastline is bordered by near shore, fringing reefs.
Much of Tobago’s coastline is bordered by near shore, fringing reefs. Southwest Tobago is characterized by a lagoonal system enclosed by the Buccoo Reef.
The definition of "land vulnerable to wave-induced erosion and storm damage" is based on expected wave heights and storm surge associated with a 25-year storm event, adjusted to be precautionary in li